International Crisis Group (ICG) recently published a report on criminal cartels activity in Mexico and the government’s strategy against them. The document presents an analysis of the situation and revises the strategies implemented by previous PAN government and the challenges and opportunities to the current administration.
The report highlights the participation of the three main political parties in the Pacto por Mexico proposed by Peña Nieto’s administration. The pact allowed the government to pass several major reforms, but in this particular case, the three parties backed up the security plan launched by Peña Nieto. ICG notes that the former PAN administration implemented a strategy to “fight a war” but if Peña Nieto wishes to finish with the violence in Mexico, his government needs to include additional actions, such as institutional capacity building, reinforcing police and justice systems and improving social inclusion programs.
The violent situation in Mexico is not only a challenge for the country, but also for Mexico’s Northern neighbour. The report indicates that the violence escalated after the US legislative ban in assault weapons ended in 2004. Mexico is confronted to domestic pressure to finish with criminal activity and externally to stop the flow of narcotics. Furthermore, Mexico’s situation seems relevant for other countries around the globe facing similar circumstances.
To download full report click here.